There are two different types of diabetes. Understanding how to combat and successfully manage this disease can lead to a better standard of living. Diabetes management can be complicated for those patients who have just been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. The technical term for this disease is “diabetes mellitus.” It use to be known as“juvenile diabetes” due to the fact that it was most commonly diagnosed in children and young adults. There is still no cure for type 1 diabetes, only management.

Diabetes mellitus or type 1 diabetes is still typically diagnosed in children and young adults. It accounts for up to 5% of all diabetic cases across the country. Type 1 diabetes is caused by insufficient insulin production by the pancreas. This diagnosis means that those affected will be dependant on insulin supplementation for the rest of their lives. It can be a constant struggle for children and the families of those affected with type 1 diabetes. One must be constantly aware of hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) and hypoglycemia (low blood sugar.) Since the body cannot regulate insulin production, either hyper or hypoglycemia can be life threatening.

There is no known cause of type 1 diabetes at this time. Massive amounts of money have been given to researching type 1 diabetes. At this time science only understands that the pancreas is under producing insulin. Insulin circulates within the blood stream and allows sugar to enter our cells. Insulin production lowers sugar levels in the blood. With lower insulin levels, the body cannot naturally decrease sugars in the blood nor can sugar enter the cells that need them for energy.